What are the factors that affect the reliability of electronic connectors?
Electronic connectors are one of the key components in electronic packaging in the connection system, providing mechanical and electrical support necessary for the effective operation of electronic devices. Electronic connectors facilitate the transmission of electrical signals between the components within the component and the packaging level, while also creating a mechanical connection for the packaging structure. Ideally, a separate connector is used as a separable interface between the two subsystems without introducing unnecessary effects such as signal distortion or power loss.
As a detachable device, its mating connector interface can be disassembled, allowing independent manufacturing of parts for assembly in a central location, and easier maintenance and upgrade of components. Connector reliability is an important factor in electronic systems and may have a significant impact on product performance.
One of the main factors affecting the reliability of electronic connectors involves time dependence, that is, the calculation of the connector failure rate measured relative to the length of time the connector runs. Time-related issues are a common cause of connector failure.
Another reliability factor is plug dependency, which is a result of the amount of actuation and deflection that occurs during the operation of the connector. Most plug-related failures can be reversed by the insertion of additional connectors or require repair or replacement for the system to perform effectively.